sheffieldclinicaltrials.co.uk – Coronavirus has attacked thousands of people in various countries and claimed hundreds of lives. In order not to be exposed to this infectious disease that is currently endemic, there are several ways you can do to prevent transmission of the Corona virus.
The cause of this outbreak is a new type of coronavirus called the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV). This disease is included in the same virus class as the virus that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle-East respiratory syndrome (MERS).
Corona virus infection called COVID-19 first occurred in the city of Wuhan, China and has now been found in various countries.
Steps to Prevent Corona Virus Transmission
This virus is thought to have originated from animals, such as bats and camels, and can be transmitted from animals to humans, as well as from humans to humans. Transmission between people is most likely through sputum splashes when coughing or sneezing.
When infected with the Corona virus, a person will experience flu-like symptoms, such as fever, cough and runny nose. However, a few days later, people who have a corona virus infection can experience shortness of breath due to infection of the lungs (pneumonia).
Until now, there has been no treatment that can cure Corona virus infection. Therefore, the World Health Organization (WHO) appealed to the public not to underestimate this disease and to always take precautions. One of them is by implementing social distancing.
Some steps you can take to prevent Corona virus infection, including:
1. Wash your hands properly
Washing your hands properly is the simplest yet effective way to prevent the spread of the 2019-nCoV virus. Wash your hands with running water and soap, for at least 20 seconds. Make sure all parts of the hands are washed clean, including the backs of the hands, wrists, between the fingers, and nails. After that, dry your hands using a tissue, clean towel, or hand dryer.
If you are a commuter worker on public transportation, it can be difficult to find soap and water. You can clean your hands with a hand sanitizer. Use hand sanitizer products with an alcohol content of at least 60% to more effectively eradicate germs.
Wash your hands regularly, especially before and after eating, after using the toilet, after touching animals, taking out the trash, and after coughing or sneezing. Washing hands is also important before breastfeeding a baby or expressing breastmilk.
2. Using a mask
Many use cloth masks to prevent Corona virus infection, even though these masks are not necessarily effective. In general, there are two types of masks that you can use to prevent transmission of the Corona virus, namely surgical masks and N95 masks.
Surgical masks or surgical masks are disposable masks that are commonly used. These masks are easy to find, affordable, and comfortable to wear, so many people use these masks when they are on a daily basis.
The correct way to use a surgical mask is that the colored side of the mask must be facing outwards, while the white inside is facing the face and covering the chin, nose and mouth. The white side is made of a material that can absorb dirt and filter germs from the air.
Although it is not completely effective in preventing exposure to germs, the use of this mask can still reduce the risk of spreading infectious diseases, including Corona virus infection. The use of masks is more recommended for people who are sick to prevent the spread of viruses and germs, rather than for healthy people.
Meanwhile, the N95 mask is a type of mask that is used as a personal protective equipment or PPE for medical personnel who treat COVID-19 patients.
When removing the mask from the face, both surgical masks and N95 masks, avoid touching the front of the mask, because that part is full of germs that stick. After removing the mask, wash your hands with soap or hand sanitizer, so that your hands are clean from germs that stick.
3. Maintain endurance
A strong immune system can prevent the appearance of various diseases. To maintain and increase endurance, you are advised to eat healthy foods, such as vegetables and fruits, and protein foods, such as eggs, fish and lean meats.
If you are bored with self-cooked food, you can buy ready-to-eat food or food at a restaurant through a delivery service, but make sure the food is clean and healthy. If necessary, you should also increase your consumption of supplements as recommended by your doctor.
In addition, regular exercise, adequate sleep, not smoking, and not consuming alcoholic drinks can also increase endurance to avoid transmission of the Corona virus.
Some information states that basking in the sun can also prevent Corona virus infection. Unfortunately, this still needs to be investigated further.
4. Implement physical distancing and independent isolation
Physical restriction or physical distancing is one important step to break the chain of spreading the Corona virus. This can be done by not traveling out of the house, except for urgent or emergency purposes, such as shopping for groceries or taking medication when sick.
Physical restrictions are also carried out by maintaining a minimum distance of 1 meter from other people and always wearing a mask, especially when doing activities in public places or crowds.
While undergoing physical distancing, you also need to avoid contact with people who are sick, are suspected of being infected with the Corona virus, or have tested positive for COVID-19.
If you have any of the symptoms of COVID-19 that are mild, have a travel history or live in an area with the Corona virus in the last 14 days, or have had contact with someone who has tested positive for COVID-19, you are advised to carry out independent isolation.
In addition, independent isolation is also recommended for people who are at high risk of being infected with the Corona virus, such as the elderly or people who have comorbidities, such as hypertension, diabetes, or weak immune systems.
5. Cleaning the house and doing disinfection regularly
Apart from personal hygiene, keeping the house clean is also very important to do during the COVID-19 pandemic. This is because the Corona virus is proven to be able to survive for hours and even days on the surface of an object.
Therefore, the house must be regularly cleaned and thoroughly disinfected, including furniture and household appliances that are frequently touched, such as door handles, television remotes, water taps, and table surfaces.
When cleaning or disinfection, you need to use gloves and a mask, and wash your hands with clean water and soap after cleaning the house. This is done to prevent transmission of the Corona virus that might occur.
If you are categorized as a patient with suspected or probable COVID-19, which is characterized by flu symptoms, such as coughing, fever and runny nose, which is accompanied by weakness and shortness of breath, especially if in the last 2 weeks you have traveled to an area or country that has been infected with the Corona virus infection , immediately consult a doctor so that the cause can be ascertained and given the right treatment.